ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center

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Phenylbutazone Toxicosis


Phenylbutazone, commonly called bute, is an NSAID that has historically been used therapeutically in dogs. However, both the risk of significant side effects and the development of much safer NSAID choices have made its use in small animal practice practically non-existent.  Learn what is being used in it's place and how to best treat patients.     

Bromethalin-Based Rodenticide Exposures


Bromethalin-based rodenticide exposures in cats and dogs can be a big issue.  Cases surrounding Bromethalin exposures have increased since they have become more common after they were made available in 1985.  But what is it about Bromethalin that causes it to be such an issue? 

When to Use Activated Charcoal


One question we get every day from veterinarians is whether or not to use activated charcoal when presented with a toxicity case.  Activated charcoal can be a very helpful treatment modality; however it does have some potentially serious adverse effects.   Learn when it's best to use activated charcoal, and when it could be potentially harmful to the pet.   



Lilies.  They are beautiful, and commonly found in flower boutiques year-round.  But, did you know that even a small bite of a lily leaf can cause kidney damage in cats?  While many animals can develop signs after ingesting lilies, cats are the only one sensitive to all lilies.  Learn about which lilies are toxic to cats, and symptoms associated with this exposure.  

Drugs used in Toxicology


There are many drugs in the veterinary arsenal that can be used to treat potentially poisoned patients. Some of these are commonly found in most veterinary practices, while others may be a little more exotic.  

In this discussion we will review various drugs used in toxicology.  This includes cyproheptadine, atropine, ethanol, naloxone, and others. 




Mr.Smith who was on the phone; his lab puppy just unzipped his son’s backpack and has chewed into a full container of sugar-free gum. The questions, as always,center on protecting the health of our patients – we want to treat effectively,to prevent injury or illness, but not over treat. This is a short summary of decontamination techniques – a great place to start in many cases.



Rodenticides are consistently in the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center’s annual list of the top 10 most common pet toxins.  As veterinary professionals, it is important to learn mechanism of action and treatment protocol for these all too common exposures to insure the best possible outcome for patients. 

Insoluble Calcium Oxalate Containing Plants


Insoluble calcium oxalate containing plants are common indoor and outdoor ornamental plants.  Learn about typical symptoms and how to help treat a pet exposure. 

Albuterol Exposure in Pets


Albuterol exposure in pets may affect the cardiovascular, central nervous and gastrointestinal systems.  Learn about how to treat albuterol exposure and how to manage signs.